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Collage is one of the art techniques by gluing various kinds of elements into one frame, so as to produce new works of art.

According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), collage is an artistic composition of various materials (fabric, paper, wood) affixed to the surface of an image.

Quoted from the Elementary School Cultural Arts and Craft Learning module by Drs. M. Fajar Prasudi, M.Sn. Winarto, S.Pd. M.Pd, the definition of collage is a two-dimensional work of art that uses a variety of materials, as long as these basic materials can be combined with other basic materials.

In conclusion, collages are two-dimensional works of art, which use various combinations of materials, which can be combined to produce works of art.

Quoting Art Space, the word collage comes from the French word ‘coller’ which means ‘gluing’ or ‘sticking’.

An American artist, Robert Motherwell, noted that collage was the greatest innovation of the 20th century, making it the most important art form of that century. The beginning of the emergence of collage as a stand-alone art medium in the early 20th century was based on the circulation of Cubism, an avant-garde art movement pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque.

Picasso and Braque later coined the term ‘collage’ to describe works consisting of pasted fabrics, scraps of colored paper, and newsprint.

In subsequent developments, collage is understood as an art technique by attaching various kinds of materials, which is considered to have revolutionized art into a modern idea.

Collage Benefits

Children always love activities that are dynamic and stimulate their motor skills a lot, such as the cutting and pasting activities included in collage-making lessons.

Launching the book Teaching Methods for Children’s Physical Development by evi Desmariani, M.Pd, collages can help share children’s fine motor skills with their hands and eyes. Why? because collages involve a lot of small pieces and various colors.

Some of the benefits of collage for children, according to Luchantic, include:

Train fine motor skills Increase creativity, to generate new ideas Practice concentration Learn colors and shapes Practice problem solving Sharpen spatial intelligence Practice perseverance Increase self-confidence Improve the ability to train aesthetic sensitivity

Build a sense of concern for the environment

Materials and Tools for Making Collages

The materials used in making Collages can be in the form of natural materials, artificial materials, semi-finished materials, finished materials, and waste materials.

Materials that are usually used for making collages include: Wood shavings Glass Stones Metal Patchwork Wraps or used plastic Old paper/calendars Pottery Ceramics Coconut shells or shells Grains Dry leaves Skin, similar to fruit skin Tools for making collage works: Cutting tools: scissors, cutter, knife, saw (adapted to the type of material)Drawing tools: pencils, pens, markers, equipped with an eraser.Adhesives: paper glue, vinyl adhesive, sewing thread, needle (adapted to the type of material)Creating Collage

Collage making requires creativity, patience, and skills in combining, arranging, and pasting the materials to produce beautiful works of art.

The methods used to make collages can be in the form of overlapping or overlapping, arrangement (spatial arrangement), repetition, and a combination of texture types from various existing materials.

In general, the ways and steps to make a good collage are as follows:

1. Prepare the necessary materials and media or devices. It can be made from used goods, such as newspapers, used calendars, drawing paper, dyes, pencil scissors, and glue.

2. Make the desired image design on drawing paper, for example a flower image.3. Plan the pasting of used materials, on the drawings that you made earlier. Used materials are better colored first.4. Tear, scissor, or cut used materials into small sizes.5. If you have, prepare glue and apply glue, little by little on the image to be pasted the paper.6. Glue the cutouts or pieces of the used material on the paper.

7. Do it neatly according to your creativity, until it becomes a beautiful work.

Well, that was the explanation regarding collage. Through unique and interesting collage learning, children can explore. You can try or apply it to children at home, you know. Good luck!

Watch Videos”GP Ansor Tanjungbalai Lathe Photo Collage Report Maruf Amin


10 Models of 3D and 2D Artwork

Mention 10 Models of 3D and 2D Artwork. At school, you absolutely have learned to make crafts or crafts, how is it fun? what have you done?

Two-dimensional art is a work of art that only has length and width, or it can also be said to be flat art.

3D art is a work of art that is not only flat, but has length, width, and height, so it can also be said to have in it, either blank or solid.

10 Models of 3D and 2D Artwork

Generally, the more difficult it is to make a work of art, the more expensive it will be. In fact, a work of art that is very old, even hundreds of years old, costs billions.

2 Dimensional Artwork Model

The following are examples of 2-dimensional art, including:

  1. Paint
  2. Arabic/Chinese Calligraphy/
  3. Sketch
  4. Photography
  5. Cartoon Gambar
  6. Paper cutting is the art of punching holes in paper that has been given a pattern, generally using a cutter or a special knife.
  7. Caricature
  8. Stencils are art that is formed from a mold, similar to screen printing.
  9. Mosaic is an art by arranging small objects to form an image.
  10. Collage is a collection of various materials, such as metal, glass, cloth, wood, etc. to form an interesting picture.

Also read: What does purple mean in art?

3D Artwork Model

This is an example of 3D art, including:

  1. A diorama is a 3-dimensional miniature to create a scene or act out a historical scene, such as the history of the proclamation of Indonesia which is located on the ground floor of the National Monument (Monas).
  2. A replica is a duplication of an object that is exactly the same as the original but is generally smaller.
  3. Montage is the process of creating a new work of art by pasting paper on top of an old work of art (regular drawing).
  4. Building or Architecture
  5. A mockup is a small-scale imitation of a building, usually made to create a building.
  6. Handicrafts such as danbo dolls, boxes, etc.
  7. Souvenir
  8. Pottery from clay
  9. Statue
  10. ceramic

Read also:
– Model history as Story, Art, Event and Science
– Physical and non-physical elements of art
– The Disparity of Fine Arts and Applied Arts

Those are 10 Models of 3D and 2-Dimensional Artwork, hopefully it will be useful. Thanks for reading, don’t forget to leave a comment, and correct me if I’m wrong.

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